AI potpourri: AI gets a job at NASA, finds serial killers, stops suicide, selects embryos, and interviews you!

[The New Yorker] The Serial-Killer Detector

This article discusses how Thomas Hargrove, a retired journalist who had access to a large collection of murder records created an algorithm that was able to find crime patterns.

He began trying to write an algorithm that could return the victims of a convicted killer. As a test case, he chose Gary Ridgway, the Green River Killer, who, starting in the early eighties, murdered at least forty-eight women in Seattle, and left them beside the Green River.
Facebook’s new “proactive detection” artificial intelligence technology will scan all posts for patterns of suicidal thoughts, and when necessary send mental health resources to the user at risk or their friends, or contact local first-responders. By using AI to flag worrisome posts to human moderators instead of waiting for user reports, Facebook can decrease how long it takes to send help.

It’s also dedicating more moderators to suicide prevention, training them to deal with the cases 24/7, and now has 80 local partners like Save.org, National Suicide Prevention Lifeline and Forefront from which to provide resources to at-risk users and their networks.

Misses and false alarms should be factored in when designing the automation algorithm. Too many misses have catastrophic consequences in a high-risk situation. Facebook's AI is an example of an automated system where having misses far outweigh the nuisance of having false alarms. 

[GCN] NASA’s newest employee isn’t human

This article talks about the newest employee at NASA Shared Services Center, Washington, who is a bot. Washington is a rules-based bot and follows a set of rules. NASA expects that future bots will have higher-order cognitive processing abilities.

One of the newest employees at the NASA Shared Services Center can copy and paste text, open emails, move folders and many other tasks. That might sound routine, but the new hire, Washington, isn’t a person — it’s a bot.

Much like a human employee, however, Washington has its own computer, its own email account, its own permissions within applications and its own role within the organization.

The bots, which can run 24/7, can help NASA by taking on time-consuming, manual tasks and allowing its humans to engage in higher level work.
Scientists are using artificial intelligence (AI) to help predict which embryos will result in IVF success.

AI is able to recognise and quantify 24 image characteristics of embryos that are invisible to the human eye. These include the size of the embryo, texture of the image and biological characteristics such as the number and homogeneity of cells.

[New York Post] AI already reads your resume – now it’s going to interview you, too

This article discusses how AI is being used by companies to improve their recruiting process. 

Marriott International Inc. announced the launch of Marriott Careers chatbot for Facebook Messenger, a computer program designed to simulate conversation with job seekers. The virtual assistant aims to create a more personalized, efficient experience for applicants.

“Once you apply for a job, the system sends you updates. If it isn’t available, when another job meets your specific qualifications, you’ll receive a direct message on your digital device,” says Rodriguez, Executive vice president and global chief human resources officer for Marriott. “Generation Z, which is starting to graduate from college, has a strong preference to communicate with companies this way. It’s the wave of the future.”

Unilever is also using AI to narrow down candidates based on their speech, facial expressions and body language.